Differentiated instruction is the manner in which each teacher modifies the core curriculum and designs strategies to address the unique needs of gifted students.
Differentiation of curriculum is dependent on these principles:
- Differentiation is based on the core or basic curriculum.
- Differentiation is affected by the dimensions of depth, complexity, novelty, and acceleration.
- Differentiation should be an integral part of, rather than an adjunct to, the core curriculum.
- Differentiation modifies what students will know (content), how students will think (critical, creative, and problem-solving skills or processes), how students will access and use resources (research skills) and how students will summarize and share their learning (products).
- Differentiation can be facilitated through flexible grouping and regrouping of students for each task or group of tasks based on need, interest, and ability.
- Differentiation should be provided consistently and should be accompanied by high standards of performance.
One way teachers use differentiated instruction is by incorporating Depth and Complexity into their lessons.
- Differentiation must include teacher instruction and should not be assumed to be self-taught by students.