• All Aspects of the Industry

    A Key Element of the Perkins Act and the School- to- Work Opportunities Act

    Fact Sheet

    Both the Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act and the School-to-Work (STW) Opportunities Act emphasize giving students "strong experience in and understanding of all aspects of the industry students are preparing to enter" (emphasis added). The acts identify eight aspects that are common to any industry or enterprise and the associated concepts and skills the students should gain experience in and understanding of to be successful in pursuit of their chosen career:

    • Community Issues - the impact of the enterprise and the industry on the community, and the community's impact on and involvement with the enterprise.

    • Technical and Production Skills - specific production techniques; alternative methods

    • Underlying Principles of Technology - integrated study across the curriculum of the mathematical, scientific, social, and economic principles that underlie the technology.

    • Finance - on going accounting and financial decisions; different methods for raising capital to start to expand enterprises.

    • Health, Safety, and Environmental Issues - in relation to both the workers and the larger community.

    • Management - methods typically used to manage enterprises over time within the industry; methods for expanding and diversifying workers' tasks and broadening worker involvement in decisions.

    • Planning - examined both at the industry level and at the firm level; various forms of ownership, including cooperatives and worker ownership; and the relationship of the industry to economic, political, and social context.

    • Labor Issues - worker rights and responsibilities; labor unions and labor history methods for expanding workers' roles.


    All Aspects of the Industry

    Probe Questions
    Aspect: When thinking about Ask Yourself:
    • What are the business/industry/project goals?
    • What activities do you need to plan to meet those goals?
    • What is the time frame?
    • How many people are involved?
    • What are the different management options available?
    • How will people, products, and money be managed?
    • How much money is needed?
    • What are lending/capital raising options?
    • How will funds be raised? Managed?
    Technical/Production Skills
    • What basic skills are needed to get the job done? (math, reading, writing, thinking)
    • What technical skills are needed to get the job done? (operating machinery, using tools)
    • What personal qualities are needed to get the job done?
    Underlying Principles of Technology
    • What academic background or technical training is needed to perform the tech./production skills?
    • What technology is needed in this business/industry/project?
    • How might the needed technology change over the next 10 years?
    Labor Issues
    • What are workers' rights & responsibilities? Management's?
    • What labor organizations are involved?
    Health, Safety, & Environment
    • What are the health & safety concerns within the business/industry/project?
    • What regulatory agencies are involved?
    • What impact does the business have on the natural world?
    Community Issues
    • Who are the customers/clients?
    • How does the business/project impact and interact with the community?

Last Modified on February 22, 2017