Welcome, students, to my first semester STEM Medical Detectives class.
In this class you will discover how crime investigators gather evidence and use scientific tests to determine how crimes are committed and victims die. You will also learn how healthcare professionals act as medical detectives by identifying, treating, and preventing injury and illness in their patients. You will learn to use the patient’s medical history as an investigative tool and see how these histories guide medical detectives to the correct diagnosis and treatment of a particular illness. You will investigate and collect vital signs such as heart rate, blood pressure, and temperature. You will research pathogens involved in food borne illness and act as medical detectives, diagnosing and proposing a treatment plan for a patient with a mystery illness. You will be introduced to techniques used by medical examiners whose job it is to determine how death occurs when the reason may not be readily obvious, or finding evidence linking the perpetrator to the deadly event. Finally, you will learn to solve medical investigations just as real doctors do.
In Medical Detectives class you will learn about:
Vital Signs: Vital signs are measurements of the body’s most basicfunctions and are useful in detecting or monitoring medical problems. The four main vital signs include body temperature, pulse rate, respiration rate, and blood pressure. You probably have your vital signs measured when you visit the doctor or other medical professional. The values of your vital signs act as clues that can be used to diagnose an illness or disease.
Epidemiology: An epidemic is an infectious disease that spreads rapidly and sickens a large number of people. Throughout history, epidemics have had dramatic effects on human political and social history. The 1918 avian flu outbreak killed an estimated 30-50 million people worldwide and may have been the most devastating short-duration epidemic in history. Other epidemics include smallpox, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). All of these epidemics are viral diseases.
Medical Careers: There are many areas within the medical community in which to help patients. Physicians are ultimately responsible for providing patients with diagnosis and treatment of their medical problems. There are also many roles on the medical support team about which to learn.
Medical Diagnosis: Medical professionals such as emergency room doctors and primary care physicians often act as medical detectives when identifying the cause of a patient's illness, injury, or death.
Crime Scene Investigation: Evidence left at the crime scene can analyzed and linked to the perpetrator. Fingerprints and DNA are forms of biological evidence that often identify the guilty party. Crime scene investigators collect many types of evidence that can be tested to determine how the crime occurred and who committed the crime.
The Senses: We have five basic senses that we use to perceive the world around us. We will test some of these senses to find outhow reliable they really are.
The Brain: The human body is controlled by the brain. We will learn the parts of the brain and their role in running our lives. We will dissect a brain and identify its parts (any volunteers?)
Genetic Testing: We are each unique as individuals, but we are also unique in our genetic makeup. The newest tool in the crime investigators tool chest is DNA testing. You will learn about DNA testing and perform a DNA test.
Time of Death: In order to solve a murder it is important to know when the victim died. Suspects may be eliminated if they can prove they were somewhere else at the approximate time the victim was killed. You will learn how medical examiners determine the time of death.
Autopsies: Medical Examiners examine dead and decomposed remains to determine the cause of death and look for clues left behind that can link the perpetrator to the crime.
Medical Investigation of Illness: Finally, you will be the doctor your patients rely on to solve their medical mysteries and provide the treatments that restore their health.
The overall goal of this class is to stimulate your interest in medical investigation as a process and guide you toward a career in a medical field.Medical Detectives Links:Blood Typing Game
Virtual Crime Scene Investigation:
Sheep Brain Dissection Guide:
Virtual Sheep Brain Dissection:
YouTube Virtual Sheep Brain Dissection Video:
ArchieMD Virtual Autopsy:
Interactive Autopsy, Australian MuseumMedical Detectives Textbook Chapters(Copyright 2016 - Hill & Griffith - all rights reserved)Medical Detectives Assignments(Copyright 2016 - Hill & Griffith - all rights reserved)Engineering Links: